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《生活大爆炸》SO5E01学习笔记(2)

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英语外教一对一课程免费体验:

1. Leonard:
Sheldon, just let it go. Sheldon,别纠结了,让它过去吧!

Sheldon:if
I could, I would, but I can’t, so I shan’t. 如果我可以的话,我会的,但是我不可以,所以我不会。


解析:

If:如果;是否;假如;要是

(1)表示条件:主句将来时,if从句用现在时表示将来

例:I will arrive on time if you
invite me to the party tomorrow.

如果明天的聚会你邀请我的话,我将准时到达。

What is to become lf me if you go
away?

如果你要走的话,我的结果会是怎么样?(这里to become不定式表示将来)


(2)表示是否

例:I wonder if you agree with my
opinion.

不知你是否同意我的观点


(3)表示虚拟:意为假如。

a.与

现在事实相反

主句:should(would或could)+动词原形 
从句:一般过去时

例:if I were you, I would not talk
to him now.

如果我是你,我不会现在去和他说话。

If there were not for the water
vapor in the air, there would be no dew.

如果空气中没有水汽,就没有露水。

b.与过去事实相反

主句:should(would或could)+动词原形 
从句:过去完成时had +动词过去分词

例:if you had studied harder at that
time, you would have entered a better university.

如果你那时候好好学习的话,你能考上更好的大学。(过去没有好好学习)

If the second world war had not
happened, the economics of USA had not been so advanced.

如果二战没有发生过,美国的经济不会如此发达。.

c.对将来的假设

主句:should(would或could)+动词原形 从句:were+动词不定式或should+动词原形

例:if you were to make up your mind,
everything would not be difficult.

如果你下定决心,任何事都不会困难。

拓展1:if only与only if

If only:要是,如if only i were you ;而only if:只有……才,如only if you work hard, can you
get promoted.(主句倒装)

拓展2: shan’t, shall not的缩写;Shall 用于第一人称表示征求意见。

2.Sheldon:But……since that’s what it looks like,
we can rule that out. 但是,因为“不是看起来的那样”,我们可以排除那种情况。

解析:

rule:n.规则,统治;v.统治,规则

rule
out:排除,排斥;不考虑;划去

例:The
Treasury Department has ruled out using a weak dollar as the main solution for
the country’s trade problems.

财政部已经不考虑使用疲软美元作为解决该国贸易问题的主要办法。

The
disaster ruled her out a permanent future for the ballerina in dancing.

那场灾难使这个芭蕾舞女演员永远无法跳舞了。

Rule
it out:排除可能性

例:The
police man thought the most possibility of homicide, but Joe held the view that
the woman died from the commit suicide and didn’t rule it out.

警察认为这个女人死于他杀,但是Joe觉得不排除自杀的可能性。

拓展:rule-out排除法

3. Sheldon:
Although what I lack in leadership, apparently I more than make up for in
sewing. 虽然我没什么领导能力,不过我的锋刃技术还不错。


解析:

make
up for:弥补,补偿

例:I just want to make up
for my faults before.

我只是想弥补我之前的过错。

What
she lacks in ability makes up for in circumspection.

她的细心弥补了她能力上的不足。

拓展:make up组成,构成;编造;化妆

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